Phonics

Phonic teaching is an important part of reading. At Canon Popham C of E Primary Academy, we aim to teach children fluent word reading skills and provide a good foundation in spelling.

Phonics teaching involves showing children the sounds of letters (not the letter names) and how these sounds can be blended together to make words. For example, the word ‘cat’ is a decodable word because the letter sounds can be blended together.

c – a – t = cat

At Canon Popham  we teach Phonics using the Read Write Inc programme (RWI). This is organised into three sets which your child progresses through as their reading ability improves. Children will be introduced to phonics in Nursery through Letters and sounds Phase One, but will also be introduced to the Set 1 RWI sounds alongside this. Set 1 and 2 are taught in Reception and Set 3 is taught in Year 1.

For more information about phonics at Canon Popham, please follow this link: Phonics information booklet

For more information about the Read, Write Inc programme, please follow this link: Information on Read, Write, Inc & Phonics (please note that this links to an external site).

Phonics glossary

There are specific words we use within our phonics teaching and you may hear your child saying these and wonder what they mean. Please see the following link for a phonics glossary.

Phonics glossary

Helpful videos

Understanding Phonics A short video to find out how to teach children sounds.

Pronunciation guide A short video to find out how to pronounce pure sounds from Set 1 through to Set 3.

Teaching a Set 1 sound A short video to find out how to teach your child a Set 1 Sound, step by step.

Blending A short video to find out more about independent blending.

Digraphs A short video to find out how to teach children sounds that are made up of two letters.

Teaching Blending A short video to learn Ruth Miskin’s way of teaching children to blend sounds into words.

Phonics Screening Check – Year 1 and Year 2

The phonics screening check is a quick and easy check of your child’s phonics knowledge. It helps the school confirm whether your child has made the expected progress. The national phonics screening check was introduced in 2012 to all Year 1 pupils in the country. Children who do not pass the phonics screening check in Year 1, retake the phonics screening check the following year when they are in Year 2. The following links provide information about the Phonics Screening check:

https://home.oxfordowl.co.uk/at-school/primary-school-assessment-tests/year-1-phonics-screening-check/ (please note that this links to an external site).

Video on Phonics Screening (please note that this links to an external site).
Phonics Screening Transcript

Have a go at previous phonics screening checks using the links below to the government website with the materials available to download. The 2019 pass mark was 32.

https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/phonics-screening-check-2019-materials (please note that this links to an external site).

More resources for screening check practice are available here:

phonics screening words practice list 1

phonics screening words practise list 2

phonics screening words practise list 3

Phonics – Reading

Support your child with reading words from all the phonemes taught in a set. This can be used as a revision or to target specific sounds your child needs more practice with. It contains real words and nonsense – made up – words to encourage your child to segment (say the sounds) and blend (put the sounds together to read the word):

set 1 green words to read

set 2 green words to read

set 3 green words to read

Support your child with reading fiction (stories) and non fiction (information) books. Oxford Owl Library  have a Read Write Inc. page where you can find lots of free resources to support your child’s learning including;

  • free e-books with decodable stories
  • practice sheets which can be printed at home
  • slideshows containing green words to improve fluency and get children used to reading words without saying the sounds out loud
  • some videos to help you support your child with detailed ideas and advice on pronouncing pure sounds, blending and digraphs.

Follow this link https://home.oxfordowl.co.uk/reading/reading-schemes-oxford-levels/read-write-inc-phonics-guide/ (please note that this links to an external site).

Here are some of the e-books

 Sound Blending 1  A word on each page using Set 1 sounds

Sound Blending 2 A word on each page using Set 1 sounds

Sound Blending 3 A word on each page using Set 1 sounds

Red Ditty 1 Sun hat fun, a book consisting of captions using Set 1 words including the digraphs ng and sh

Red Ditty 3 Get up, a book consisting of captions using Set 1 words including the digraphs th and ck

Red Ditty 5 Fat frog, a book consisting of captions using Set 1 words including the digraphs sh, th, nk, ch and ck

Green Story Nip and Chip, a fiction book consisting of Set 1 words including the digraphs sh, th, ng, qu and ck

Green Story Hands, a non-fiction book consisting of Set 1 words including the digraphs sh, ng, ch and ck

Green Story Let’s go!, a non-fiction book consisting of Set 1 words including the digraphs sh, th and ck

Purple Story Run, run, run! a fiction book consisting of Set 1 words including the digraph th

Purple Story A pet goldfish a non-fiction book consisting of Set 1 words including the digraphs sh, th, nk, ch and ck

Purple Story The chest in the sand a fiction book consisting of Set 1 words including the digraphs sh, th, ng, ch and ck

Pink Story The troll in a pond a fiction book focussing on Set 1 digraphs sh and ck and Set 2 digraph ay

Pink Story Light and shadow a non-fiction book focussing on Set 1 digraphs sh, th, ng, ch and ck and Set 2 digraph ow

Pink Story Baboons a non-fiction book focussing on Set 2 digraphs ee, igh and oo

Orange Story Good old grandad! a fiction book focussing on Set 2 digraph oo (short sound as in book)

Orange Story Jam tarts a non-fiction book focussing on Set 2 digraph ar

Orange Story Horses a non-fiction book focussing on Set 2 digraph or

Orange Story Up in the air a non-fiction book focussing on Set 2 digraph air

Orange Story Blackbirds a non-fiction book focussing on Set 2 digraph ir

Orange Story Jims house in 1874 a non-fiction book focussing on Set 2 digraph ou

Orange Story A pet tortoise a fiction book focussing on Set 2 digraph oy

Yellow Story What’s in the woods? a non-fiction book consolidating Set 2 phonics

Yellow Story The raddish contest a fiction book consolidating Set 2 phonics

Yellow Story No way! a fiction book consolidating Set 2 phonics

Blue Story Our incredible planet a non-fiction book focussing on Set 3 digraph oi

Blue Story At the seaside a non-fiction book focussing on Set 3 digraphs a-e, i-e, o-e and ea

Grey Story The ice and snow book a non-fiction book focussing on Set 3 digraphs a-e, i-e, ie and o-e

Grey Story A job for Jordan a non-fiction book focussing on Set 3 digraph aw

Grey Story A flight to New York a fiction book focussing on Set 3 digraphs u-e and ew

Grey Story Silly games a fiction book focussing on Set 3 digraphs ow, er and ur

Phonics – Class support

Nursery 

Here is a phonics booklet full of activities to support Nursery phonics. These activities will support your child with their phonics journey.

Nursery Phonics

Reception

Here are some phonics comic strip style stories with activities to support children with Set 1 learning. The stories contain a mixture of real and alien (made up) words, all of which are phonetically decodable. Each booklet contains:

  • The focus phonemes and a couple of focus words across the top
  • A short comic style story containing the focus phonemes and words.
  • A short activity linked to the story to support comprehension, spelling and writing a sentence

Tess and Hal 1 alien words phonic story

Tess and Hal 1 activity

Tess and Hal 2 alien words phonic story

Tess and Hal 2 activity

Tess and Hal 3 alien words phonic story

Tess and Hal 3 activity

Tess and Hal 4 alien words phonic story

Tess and Hal 4 activity

Year 1 

Here are some phonics stories with activities to support children consolidating Set 2 knowledge and applying Set 3 knowledge. Each booklet contains:

  • A story containing the focused phonemes, a set 2 phoneme and an alternative pronunciation of the same phoneme from set 3.
  • A short activity linked to the story to support comprehension.
  • A grid of words from the story to practice speed reading. Children can read them in order (down the list) and then out of order (randomly choosing one).

ai ay On the train

ee ea On the farm

igh ie A frightened Knight

oo ue ew The Blue Balloon

or au aw The hawk

ir er ur Covered in dirt

ou ow The mound on the ground

oi oy A toy for a boy

Phonics – Useful websites for activities

Please note that the following links all lead to external sites which provide a variety of games to support your childens phonics learning.

Phonics play https://new.phonicsplay.co.uk/

Topmarks https://www.topmarks.co.uk/english-games/5-7-years/letters-and-sounds

Phonics Bloom https://www.phonicsbloom.com/

ICT games https://www.ictgames.com/mobilePage/literacy.html

Turtle Diary https://www.turtlediary.com/games/phonics.html

Kizphonics https://www.kizphonics.com/materials/phonics-games/

Phonics – Activities to support learning

fred_talk_games A range of games to help support your child learning to orally blend (putting sounds together to give a word)

Spelling Strategies  A range of multi-sensory activity ideas to support your child with spelling activities.

Set 1 activities

CVC Word and Picture Matching Worksheets

Pictures and Captions Matching Worksheets

cvc words photos with phoneme frame to write the word

phonics activity booklet

cvc word activity booklet

cvc word activity booklet 2

Set 1 reading ditties Support your child beginning to read when they have completed learning set 1 phonemes. Each ditty has:

  • The focus phonemes across the top (speed sounds)
  • The words which can be read using phonics (green words)
  • Words which can’t be read using phonics (red words)
  • text to read

Set 1 revision booklet A revision booklet of all the set 1 phonemes taught. Each phoneme has three activities;

  • a phoneme spotter to encourage children to find the focus phoneme amongst other phonemes
  • an initial sound activity to encourage children to identify words containing the focus phoneme
  • a drawing activity to encourage children to apply their knowledge of the focus phoneme

Set 2 activities

A revision booklet of all the phonemes taught in set 2. Each phoneme has three activities;

  • a phoneme spotter to encourage children to find words containing the focus phoneme
  • a real and nonsense word activity to encourage children to read words and identify real and nonsense (alien) words.
  • a spelling activity to encourage children to spell words containing the focus phoneme

Set 2 revision booklet

Set 3 activities

A revision booklet of all the phonemes taught in set 3. Each phoneme has three activities;

  • a phoneme spotter to encourage children to find words containing the focus phoneme
  • a real and nonsense word activity to encourage children to read words and identify real and nonsense (alien) words.
  • a spelling activity to encourage children to spell words containing the focus phoneme

Set 3 revision booklet